Erik Olsson, Rostyslav Stolyarchuk

Dynamic Modeling and Sound (Noise) Diagnostics of Robot Gearboxes for Fault Assessment

Some gear faults in industrial robots can during operation be recognized as abnormal noise peaks coming from the gearbox. A library of such recordings has been assembled in order to automate fault diagnosis of the robots. A computer records sound from the gearbox and compare the new recordings with recordings stored in the library. The result of the comparison is a diagnosis of the condition of the robot. This paper proposes an extension of the sound library by incorporating model based reasoning. A dynamic model of the gearbox in the drive system has been constructed and gear vibrations on the force level are extracted from the model. These vibrations are projected onto the sound recordings with a statistical vibration diagnostic parameter known as the Crest Factor CF.